Joint pain and skin plaques may be symptoms of the same psoriatic condition affecting different parts of the body

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To understand the connection between joint pain and skin plaques, and the role the immune system plays in both, we’ve enlisted Dr. Elizabeth Perkins for help.

“It really starts with how we look at the immune system. You basically have different cytokines, or molecules, circulating throughout the body. But in autoimmune diseases, those cytokines can be out of balance. 

In our healthy state, that balance is nice and orchestrated—think of it like musical instruments. Everything sounds just right. But when we're sick, like in states like psoriasis or psoriatic arthritis, those cytokines get turned on and overproduce. They get very noisy. That overproduction of cytokines causes inflammation, and can be felt as joint pain in psoriatic arthritis, and skin plaques in psoriasis.”

—Dr. Elizabeth Perkins, a Practicing Rheumatologist

 

Here’s some more helpful information about the connection between psoriatic arthritis (PsA) and plaque psoriasis (PsO):

85%

In about 85% of people, skin symptoms occur prior to joint disease.

PsA tends to affect people between the ages of 30 and 55, but can occur earlier or later.

10+

In most cases, PsA symptoms usually start about 10 years after PsO symptoms.

40%

Approximately 40% of people diagnosed with PsA have a close family member who has been diagnosed with PsO or PsA.

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Men and women are equally at risk of developing PsA

Psoriatic arthritis is often confused with other forms of arthritis

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Osteoarthritis

Occurs when cartilage in the joints begins to break down

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Rheumatoid arthritis

Symmetrical pain and swelling occurs on both sides of the body (eg, first finger of each hand, both knees, both big toes, etc)

 

The main differences between PsA and RA include:

PsA joint pain is asymmetrical, meaning joint pain doesn’t always affect both sides of the body.

RA inflammation is peripheral—meaning it is more likely to affect the wrists, shoulders, knees, and ankles—and does not typically involve the spine.

Enthesitis and dactylitis are hallmarks of PsA, but these are not usually present in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Actual Patient Dan

 “I had psoriatic arthritis symptoms for a long time before I developed psoriasis.”

—Dan, Actual Patient

Individual results may vary. Dan was compensated for his time.

Actual Patient Jorge

“My symptoms started very early in my life, probably when I was around 25 years old.” 

—Jorge, Actual Patient

Individual results may vary. Jorge was compensated for his time.

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Indications

COSENTYX® (secukinumab) is a prescription medicine used to treat adults:

  • with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis that involves large areas or many areas of the body, and who may benefit from taking injections or pills (systemic therapy) or phototherapy (treatment using ultraviolet or UV light, alone or with systemic therapy)

  • with active psoriatic arthritis

  • with active ankylosing spondylitis

Important Safety Information

Do not use COSENTYX if you have had a severe allergic reaction to secukinumab or any of the other ingredients in COSENTYX. See the Medication Guide for a complete list of ingredients.

COSENTYX is a medicine that affects your immune system. COSENTYX may increase your risk of having serious side effects such as:

Infections

COSENTYX may lower the ability of your immune system to fight infections and may increase your risk of infections.

  • Your doctor should check you for tuberculosis (TB) before starting treatment with COSENTYX.
  • If your doctor feels that you are at risk for TB, you may be treated with medicine for TB before you begin treatment with COSENTYX and during treatment with COSENTYX.
  • Your doctor should watch you closely for signs and symptoms of TB during treatment with COSENTYX. Do not take COSENTYX if you have an active TB infection.

Before starting COSENTYX, tell your doctor if you:

  • are being treated for an infection
  • have an infection that does not go away or that keeps coming back
  • have TB or have been in close contact with someone with TB
  • think you have an infection or have symptoms of an infection, such as: fevers, sweats, or chills; muscle aches; cough; shortness of breath; blood in your phlegm; weight loss; warm, red, or painful skin or sores on your body; diarrhea or stomach pain; burning when you urinate or urinate more often than normal

After starting COSENTYX, call your doctor right away if you have any signs of infection listed above. Do not use COSENTYX if you have any signs of infection unless you are instructed to by your doctor.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease

New cases of inflammatory bowel disease or “flare-ups” can happen with COSENTYX, and can sometimes be serious. If you have inflammatory bowel disease (ulcerative colitis or Crohn’s disease), tell your doctor if you have worsening disease symptoms during treatment with COSENTYX or develop new symptoms of stomach pain or diarrhea.

Serious Allergic Reactions

Serious allergic reactions can occur. Get emergency medical help right away if you get any of the following symptoms: feeling faint; swelling of your face, eyelids, lips, mouth, tongue, or throat; trouble breathing or throat tightness; chest tightness; or skin rash. If you have a severe allergic reaction, do not give another injection of COSENTYX.  

Before starting COSENTYX, tell your doctor if you:

  • have any of the conditions or symptoms listed above for infections
  • have inflammatory bowel disease (Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis)
  • are allergic to latex. The needle caps contain latex.
  • have recently received or are scheduled to receive an immunization (vaccine). People who take COSENTYX should not receive live vaccines.
  • have any other medical conditions
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant. It is not known if COSENTYX can harm your unborn baby. You and your doctor should decide if you will use COSENTYX.
  • are breastfeeding or plan to breastfeed. It is not known if COSENTYX passes into your breast milk.

Tell your doctor about all the medicines you take, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal supplements. Know the medicines you take. Keep a list of your medicines to show your doctor and pharmacist when you get a new medicine.

How should I use COSENTYX?

See the detailed Instructions for Use that comes with your COSENTYX for information on how to prepare and inject a dose of COSENTYX, and how to properly throw away (dispose of) used COSENTYX Sensoready® pens and prefilled syringes.

  • Use COSENTYX exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
  • If your doctor decides that you or a caregiver may give your injections of COSENTYX at home, you should receive training on the right way to prepare and inject COSENTYX. Do not try to inject COSENTYX yourself, until you or your caregiver has been shown how to inject COSENTYX by your doctor or nurse.

The most common side effects of COSENTYX include: cold symptoms, diarrhea, and upper respiratory infections. These are not all of the possible side effects of COSENTYX. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects.

You are encouraged to report negative side effects of prescription drugs to the FDA. Visit www.fda.gov/medwatch, or call 1-800-FDA-1088.

 Please see full Prescribing Information, including Medication Guide.